If you’re looking to improve your fitness, one of the first things you’ll need to decide is the type of training you want to do. Different types of exercise work your body in different ways, so you should first try to determine what you hope to achieve from your training and then focus on specific exercises to help you achieve your goals.

The Various Types Of Training

While many people consider any exercise to be fitness training, there are four separate disciplines – each bringing specific benefits:

Aerobic Training: Aerobic exercises raise your heart and breathing rate and typically involve stamina-type training. Examples include jogging, running, swimming etc.

Anaerobic Or Strength Training: Strength training specifically looks to build muscle mass and power. Anaerobic exercise may also raise your heart and breathing rate, but it is typified by short, high-impact movements, e.g. weightlifting, push-ups etc.

Balance Exercises: These exercises are particularly beneficial for older people to help prevent falls. They are also useful for sportsmen and women to improve body awareness and balance.

Stretching: Stretching exercises are essential at all ages to save suffering muscle and tendon injuries while improving your flexibility.

Common Types Of Training Centers

Different types of training centers will focus on one, some or all of the disciplines noted above. Depending on the type of exercise you want to do, you may need to go to a specialized kind of gymnasium or club. The Club Fitness Facilities and classes can differ from establishment to establishment.

Weight Training Centers: Although some weight training facilities also offer limited aerobic training, their main focus will be on dumbbells, free weights and weight machines intended purely for muscle training.

Aerobics Centers: Aerobic centers focus entirely on stamina-building exercise and machines, e.g. bikes, stair climbers and treadmills etc. They also often offer specific classes, e.g. dance, step, and traditional aerobic training.

Yoga & Pilates: Both yoga and Pilates exercise take a more holistic approach to training, concentrating as much on the mental aspects of exercise as the physical. Both are extremely beneficial for improving balance, flexibility and a general sense of calmness/well-being.

Dance Centers: Dance centers have never been more popular, and dance classes offer the perfect cardio workout while also improving balance, coordination, flexibility, and core strength.

Sports Clubs: Playing a sport is an excellent way to maintain and improve your cardio fitness. Popular sports clubs include squash, tennis, basketball and swimming.

Fitness Centers: For most people, fitness centers are by far the best type of training facility to join. These establishments typically combine many, or all of the facilities and types of exercise noted above, all under one roof. Most fitness centers offer free weights, cardio equipment, weight-training machines, swimming pools, saunas, jacuzzies, personal trainers and classes (e.g. yoga). They may also offer sports training facilities, like tennis and basketball courts.

When you join a fitness facility, you will also need to decide which type of membership you want to buy. Most gyms offer reduced prices for longer memberships. Still, to save potentially wasting money, it’s normally a better idea to test the water first – probably with a weekly or monthly membership.

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